How to recognize baby blues and tell it apart from a postpartum depression?

The postpartum depression is often confused with the baby blues state, which is much less bothersome. The mother may feel worried about the baby, be sad and prone to crying, but she doesn’t lose touch with the baby, as is the case with postpartum depression. Baby blues impacts as many as 50 to 80 percent of young moms, whereas with the postpartum depression it is only 10-20 percent.

Postpartum sadness

The postpartum sadness (baby blues) is a very common occurrence, affecting about 50–80% women after birth. It is a woman’s physiological reaction to childbirth that doesn’t last long and goes away on its own. The beginning of this state usually takes place within the first few days after the birth, and the symptoms peak around the 4th–5th day. The postpartum sadness can last from about a dozen hours to several days and usually goes away around the 10th day from birth.

Postpartum depression

The postpartum depression develops within a few to about a dozen weeks from the childbirth, and the severity of symptoms and disorders is much greater than in case of postpartum sadness. This disorder impacts about 7–20% women.

Symptoms of postpartum depression

The postpartum depression is similar to other episodes of clinical depression in how it manifests itself, but there have been separate, characteristic traits of it described, among which are:

  • obsessively recurring thoughts and worries in the young mother that due to her incompetence, lack of experience, irresponsibility or ineptitude, she is incapable of optimally taking care of her child, or even that she can inadvertently harm it. For that reason, contact with the child might be a stressful experience for the woman that she will try to avoid, which is usually accompanied by feeling guilty, hurt or helpless;
  • mood swings, tendency to cry and complains about insufferable sadness, fatigue, helplessness, demanding help and emphasizing own powerlessness and being convinced about losing widely defined attractiveness;
  • being convinced that her own child causes unique problems with taking care of it, more than other children;
  • states of intensified fear, sometimes with Panic attacks, worrying and excessive, inadequate concern about own and baby’s health accompanied by hypochondriac symptoms;
  • feeling lonely, abandoned, misunderstood, as well as struggling with expressing emotions – especially love (towards loved ones, including the baby);
  • tendency to cry, insomnia, impaired concentration, frequent complaints about somatic problems;
  • feeling guilty and suicidal.
postpartum sadness (baby blues)

Diagnostics and treatment

To make a diagnosis, the doctor or psychologist will need to have a conversation and conduct different psychological tests where he will ask about the mood, thoughts and behavior. It is also a good idea to visit an internist as the lowered mood might be caused by such things as Thyroid illnesses. The postpartum depression requires treatment, which utilizes such things as pharmacotherapy, psychotherapy and psychoeducation.

An incredibly important thing is support from the closest family. Anti-depression drugs are used as well. Since these are left in mother’s milk, each treatment requires a Doctor’s supervision. The lowest possible drug dosage is used that can cure the illness. After about 6 weeks, the effectiveness of the treatment is evaluated. The average treatment time is 7 months. If there is no improvement after 6 weeks, a visit to a psychiatrist is needed.

Buttock exercises – home and gym workouts

Buttock exercises should be performed by every woman who would like to show off a firm, lifted butt and thighs without cellulite – because another side effect of buttock exercises is shaping the thighs. On top of that, when performed one after another, buttock exercises can help Burn calories and build muscles. Learn the exercises for firm buttocks and slender thighs.

How to perform buttock exercises?

  • Exercise every other day.
  • Start the workout with a short, 5 minute warm-up (like running in spot or jumping with a jump-rope).
  • This is not a race – exercise slowly, focusing on the technique as much as you can with every repetition.
  • Make 10-12 repetitions of every exercise (with exercises #1 and #2, repeat it 10-12 times with one leg and 10-12 times with the other).
  • Do 2–3 series of each exercise.
  • Have a break of no more than 30 seconds between series.
  • Finish the workout with exercises to stretch buttock muscles.
  • If doing these exercises is not a problem to you, invest in weights attached to ankles. That way you will get buttock muscles to work More intensely.

Sumo squats

Stand with your feet wide apart and do a “sumo” squat. Shift the body weight to your left leg while raising the right one at the waist level. Push the hips forward. Keep it for a while and slowly go down to a squat. Repeat 15 times and change leg.
Second variant: After shifting your body weight to one leg, kick the other one to the side vigorously.

Standing kick-backs

Stand up and lift your right leg. Stretch your arms forward with your fists Clenched. Slowly stretch out your right leg and lift it backward as far as you can. Keep it like that for a moment and pull your leg to your chest. Repeat 7-10 times.
Second variant: Lift a leg in front of you and kick it back vigorously.

Kick-backs on all fours

Kneel down supporting yourself with your hands. Pull your left knee to yourself. Arch your back. Look at your knee. Slowly lift your left leg back as high as you can while maintaining a Right angle between the thigh and the lower leg. Keep it for a moment and pull your leg to your chest. Repeat it 15-20 times and change leg.
Second variant: Repeat the movement with your leg very vigorously.

buttock exercises


Stand straight. Put your hands on your hips. Look forward. Rest your left ankle right above your right knee. Without changing your torso’s position, get down to a quarter-squat. Keep it for a moment and lift your hips. Repeat it 5-7 times and change leg.

Health properties of coffee

Coffee doesn’t have a good reputation – it has addictive properties, can have an adverse effect on health, and its dark colour can easily stain tooth enamel. We often overlook the fact that coffee is made up of not just caffeine, but also other substances, including valuable antioxidants that have a positive effect on health. What are the benefits of coffee?

Properties of coffee

A brew of coffee beans contains over 1000 bioactive substances. The most significant being caffeine and polyphenolic compounds (mainly Chlorogenic, quinine and coffee acid). These substances are also characterized by their antioxidant effect – they capture free radicals – and have anti-inflammatory and antibacterial properties.

Caffeine is a natural compound found in many plant species, including coffee, tea and cocoa.
A typical cup of coffee usually contains 75-80 mg of caffeine, while the levels in brewed tea and cocoa are lower. Caffeine is the main active ingredient in coffee.

Properties of coffee

Health benefits of coffee consumption

The main health benefits of drinking coffee are:

  • lower risk of death from any cause, as well as from cardiovascular disease, heart disease and stroke,
  • lower risk of cancer including prostate cancer, intestinal cancer, endometrial cancer, skin cancer and liver cancer,
  • lower risk of type II diabetes and metabolic syndrome,
  • lower risk of developing bile and kidney stones,
  • lower risk of developing gout,
  • lower risk of liver diseases such as liver fibrosis and hepatic cirrhosis,
  • lower risk of depression,
  • lower risk of Parkinson’s disease,
  • lower risk of Alzheimer’s disease.

The results of scientific research clearly indicate many advantages of drinking coffee. This is an exception for pregnant women, in whom the duration of caffeine effect is doubled. In addition, caffeine is a substance that easily penetrates the placenta, and the activity of the caffeine Metabolizing enzyme CYP1A2 is weak in the developing fetus, which causes prolonged exposure to caffeine.

It is also worth mentioning the ergogenic properties of the main substance found in coffee – caffeine, which is often used by athletes to improve fitness results. In addition, coffee helps with fat reduction.

Have you ever wondered why most weight loss supplements contain caffeine? Because it’s one of the few natural ingredients that really works for fat burning. Coffee speeds up your metabolism and is therefore an Effective weight loss enhancer. Of course, if coffee is to have a beneficial effect on weight loss, it must be served without cream or sugar. It is also best to choose good quality coffee beans.

Bromelain and papain – performance and use

The cosmetics market is developing dynamically. Consumers have increasingly high expectations and cosmetic companies are outperforming themselves to meet them. Innovative products are being created with the use of new and new raw materials, which guarantee that a beautiful and young look will last longer. Enzymes are a series of compounds, which are increasingly used in cosmetics.

Bromelain – does it cure?

Bromelain is an enzyme naturally present in pineapple. It has the ability to quickly break down proteins, thus facilitating their digestion, preventing various intestinal disorders and food allergies. It also removes toxins accumulated in the body, which adversely affect its proper functioning. Bromelain also has a soothing effect, especially during Inflammation or injuries. It reduces pain and swelling, while accelerating wound healing.

Bromelain regulates the functioning of the immune system, reducing its load by eliminating harmful bacteria and viruses. It facilitates and supports weight loss and improves the condition of our oral cavity.

Properties of bromelain

Bromelain is beneficial for the respiratory system and also an effective agent in the treatment of infections as it reduces the density of mucus. It also relieves pain in sinusitis and brings relief during asthma or chronic bronchitis. This enzyme also Strengthens the cardiovascular system by reducing platelet aggregation, reducing platelet viscosity and preventing the formation of clots.

It happens that after eating a certain amount of pineapple, we experience tongue and palate stinging or burning. This does not mean that the fruit was spoiled. On the contrary, the level of bromelain in this fruit is very high, because it is responsible for this temporary discomfort.


What’s papaine?

Papain is an enzyme classified as a subclass of proteases, that is, proteolytic enzymes of the hydrolysis class, which catalyses proteolysis, that is, cutting Peptide bonds in the process of hydrolysis (a double exchange reaction between water and the substance dissolved in it). Proteolysis occurs regardless of the amino acids adjacent to the peptide bond.

Papaine is obtained from the milk of the fruit and leaves of the melon tree, which is commonly called papaya or blackberry. Green, unripe fruits have the most active papaine.

The use of papain in medicine

Papaine has beneficial effects on the human body. It is similar to pepsin, an enzyme secreted mainly by the glandular cells of the stomach, which is a component of gastric juice, which breaks down proteins into polypeptide chains during digestion. Therefore, it is often referred to as plant pepsin.

Papain is a component of protein nutrients or enzymatic mixtures used by athletes whose diet contains large amounts of protein. The enzyme supports the absorption of amino acids and relieves the digestive system. It alleviates possible digestive ailments – heartburn, flatulence and nausea. It stimulates appetite, prevents ulcers and reduces pain. Reduces convalescence time after injuries and traumas.

Papaine in cosmetics

Papaine is being used in cosmetics. It quite often co-occurs with bromelain, an enzyme obtained from pineapple fruit. It is a bioactive substance with effective keratolytic effect. It shows softening and dissolving properties of Dead epidermal cells. Therefore, it is a frequent component of peelings, which perfectly cleanse, refresh and reduce the roughness of the face skin. It accelerates the regeneration and renewal of the epidermis. It removes impurities and reduces excess sebum. Peelings with papain are recommended especially for people with oily, sensitive, capillary, mixed and problematic skin. It is also used to produce anti-cellulite creams.

Facial hair – how to get rid of it naturally?

In such situation like problem of excessive facial hair not all of us like to use the services of a beautician. But nowadays it’s not a problem. There are homemade ways that work the same way, don’t cause pain, and are not that expensive. Check here how you can get rid of Unwanted hair.

Individual hair removal with Tweezers. Is it worth it?

Removing facial hair is embarrassing for many women. There are many methods that allow you to eliminate unnecessary hair and get rid of the problem. One of them is pulling hair with Tweezers.

Of course, the tweezer removal procedure must be repeated regularly. It should be mentioned that removing hair in this way is painful and can lead to irritation of sensitive facial skin. Therefore, we should moisturize the areas from which we most often pull out the hair. This is also needed because the hair often grows back and causes unsightly red pimples.

Hair removal with wax patches

You can get a professional treatment by a cosmetician and get your hair removed with a warm wax. There is also the possibility of performing a similar procedure home – the alternative is cold wax patches, available at every popular cosmetic store. On the packaging you will find detailed instructions that you should follow to effectively remove hair. This is an effective method that makes the skin smooth for up to 6 weeks. This option to remove facial hair is not recommended for people with sensitive skin because it can visibly irritate it.

facial hair

Hair removal with depilatory cream

This is the most delicate method to get rid of facial hair, it is easy and completely Painless. Products that you will find in cosmetics stores and drugstores dissolve the keratin structure of the hair.

Facial hair removal with a trimmer

Use a special eyebrow trimmer to remove even the least visible and thin hair from your face. The skin must first be stretched, and the cutter applied at an angle of 45 degrees, removing the hair with short moves. The main downside of this method is that the hair grows back quickly because it is only trimmed.

Homemade methods

We suggest home ways for getting rid of Unwanted hair:

    To make this mask you only need 3 ingredients: coconut oil, water and flour. First gently apply oil to your face. Then add water to the flour and mix well to obtain a paste. Then spread over the oil on your face. Wait for it to dry and then you can easily remove everything from your face.
    Mix lemon and honey with oats. Then, in a circular motion, spread the mixture over the entire face. The whole procedure should last about 20 minutes. After all, wash your face with water.
    Grate half a cup of dry apricots and mix with a small amount of powder. Then add a tablespoon of honey and mix everything well. Spread the mask on your face and hold for about 10 minutes. Wash with water. Repeat 4 times a week.
    This is the easiest way. Apply a small amount of natural honey to your face. Wait 30 minutes and wash your face with warm water.

Aloe vera – healing properties and use in beauty products

It relieves allergies, helps heal wounds, supports the immune system and alleviates skin diseases – these are just a few of the hundreds of properties of aloe vera. Aloe extract (aloe juice) has been used in medicine and cosmetology for thousands of years. Today, it can be found in gels, aloe juices, drinks, beauty products and even candies. Get familiar with the properties, application, and effect of aloe vera, and learn how to incorporate aloe vera into your daily diet.

Origin and cultivation

Aloe belongs to the family of lilac plants Liliaceae, and the best known varieties are Aloe vera (common aloe), Aloe arboresces (tree-like aloe) as well as Aloe ferox (bitter aloe). It originates from Mediterranean countries but is also well cultivated in tropical and subtropical climates. The plant has a Succulent appearance thanks to its branched, evergreen and fleshy leaves. Aloe arboresces is a variety that can be easily cultivated at home. It rarely falls ill, does not like excessive watering and does not require complicated care. It grows best on a bed containing a mixture of Sand and soil.


  • Aloe vera has exceptional therapeutic properties, especially when used as an ointment for the skin and gums.
  • Aloe vera is a popular medicinal plant used in the Beauty, pharmaceutical and food industries. Its leaves are filled with a gel-like substance, which contains many beneficial compounds.
  • Aloe vera contains various powerful antioxidants. Some of these compounds can help suppress the growth of harmful bacteria.
  • When used as a mouthwash, pure aloe vera juice is just as effective in reducing plaque build-up as a simple oral rinse.
  • The use of aloe vera, in patch or gel form, has been shown to help treat oral ulcers.
use of aloe vera

Various aloe vera products can be purchased in health stores or online, including aloe vera gel, juice, supplements, oil and powder. Consult your doctor before using products containing aloe to treat your conditions.

Beauty products containing aloe vera

Due to its protective and skin softening properties, aloe vera is used in lipsticks. The anti-inflammatory properties of aloe vera make it a popular cosmetic formula for acne-prone skin. Aloe vera is also present in the composition of beauty products designed for people suffering from atopic dermatitis, as it perfectly soothes irritations and brings relief to itchy and burning skin. Vitamins contained in aloe vera juice accelerate hair growth and cause the skin to become visibly rejuvenated and smooth. The antibacterial properties shown by aloe vera make it ideal for fighting against skin lesions, while the antiviral properties help in treating herpes.

Somniphobia – fear of sleeping. Causes, symptoms, consequences and treatment

A long enough, quality sleep is an integral element of good health. It is considered to be a basic human need, just like eating, drinking or breathing. Most of us associate sleep with something very pleasant – with relax, blissful rest and forgetting about the problems of daily life. These days, when we live very fast and have so many expectations placed on us, a long enough sleep is pretty much considered a luxury that not everyone can afford. There are people, though, who associate the very thought of falling asleep with paralyzing fear that makes it impossible to function normally. Where does the pathological fear of sleeping comes from and what is somniphobia?

The dangers of somniphobia

The phobia’s symptoms occur not only right before falling asleep – in many cases the Fear arises already during the early evening hours and increases as the night time approaches. Besides the fear itself, the following might be present: nausea, dryness in mouth, stream of thought, breathing difficulties, or even panic attacks. The first reaction of a person suffering from somniphobia is to limit and eventually to completely avoid sleep.

After some time, the insufficient amount of sleep starts having not only physical but also mental consequences. A person suffering from the phobia feels constantly fatigued, their resistance and ability to concentrate drop significantly. Then comes the feeling of irritation, which leads to deteriorating relations with others (including loved ones) or stress related to lower work performance.

This downward spiral might lead to even more serious disorders – Neurosis or depression. Due to the dangers to the body that might appear as a result of long-term sleep deficiency, a person suffering from somniphobia should really contact a psychologist. Trying to deal with the problem on your own, like by taking sleeping pills, might cause more damage than good.

What is also important is to determine the cause – if it exists – of the phobia developing.

First symptoms of somniphobia

During the initial stage of the illness, a person suffering from it might function fairly normally during the day. The first feelings of fear at the time develop as it gets darker and the bedtime approaches. Of course the type and severity of symptoms of somniphobia depend on individual traits, but the most Common symptoms before sleep are:

  • palpitation,
  • increased pressure,
  • excessive sweating,
  • aching limbs,
  • aching stomach,
  • short breath,
  • nausea,
  • headaches.

Curing the fear of sleeping

If the problems with falling asleep occur for a longer time, it’s a good idea to visit a psychologist who will determine the causes and start an adequate therapy based on that. Throughout its duration, the treating physician helps control the emotions and fight the illness. Pharmacological treatment might Support psychological sessions by temporarily suppressing the symptoms, but that’s certainly not a way to cure the disease.

It needs to be kept in mind that the drug withdrawal symptoms might be bothersome. Psychological and pharmacological treatments can also be Supported at home, through rituals that make it easier to fall asleep, like going on a walk, green tea, or reading before sleep. What is very important in treatment is Support of the loved ones.

Exercises that don’t burden the knees

Knee injuries are extremely distressing, painful and often exclude us from everyday life. Convalescence and rehabilitation are sometimes the only way to recover completely. In addition to consulting a physiotherapist, whose advice should be decisive in choosing exercises, there are several of them that can be presented as relatively neutral and safe, so they can be used at the patient’s choice.

When do we overload joints?

Before we get to the knee-friendly exercises, let’s look at how we can damage the joints:

  • after a long period of inactivity (no exercise) we jump into the deep end and do Too intense workouts,
  • we do exercises with incorrect technique,
  • we have a lot of body weight (in running – over 85 kg, in other exercises – very overweight),
  • we do a lot of repetition,
  • we have congenital joint defects,
  • we train with pain or injury,
  • we start training with a load without prior adaptive training/body strengthening,
  • we have an unhealed injury,
  • we have an inappropriate, poor diet.
  • we don’t warm up,
  • we don’t fight stress,
  • we don’t have the right footwear.

How to practice so you don’t strain your knees?

  • Gradually increase the load
    When you are a beginner, it is best to postpone weight training at all and choose the one with your own weight. Only after a few weeks of training add additional weights. Gradually increase the frequency of training sessions.
  • Remember to warm up before training
    A stiff joint is much more susceptible to injury. Before training, do some knee circulation: right, left, outside and inside. They will become more flexible and able to bear higher loads.
  • Watch feet position
    When exercising, try to place your feet parallel to each other. Avoid pointing your fingers inside. Distribute your weight evenly over the entire sole.
  • Exercise in a proper footwear
    Train only in soft, comfortable sports footwear that absorbs shocks. Do not train in sneakers or other casual shoes – especially when running and jumping.
  • Take care of your exercise technique
    While doing squats, don’t bend your knees over your toes (if you have long legs, you can slightly bend them over your feet) and keep your weight on your heels. While performing other exercises, also pay attention to technical details. Remember – it is better to do less repetitions correctly than more in a poorly manner.
  • Massage your legs with a roller
    Foam massage roller is commonly used to relax tense muscles. Roll your calves, thighs and buttocks after training, to reduce the tension in your knees.
knee-friendly exercises

5 examples of exercises

Exercises that don’t burden the knees can be extremely simple. Here’s a few that are easy and safe for everyone:

  • in a straight position standing up on the toes – the knee joints work without additional load,
  • laying down on your back bend your knees pressing your feet against the floor,
  • lying down with your legs up moving like on a bicycle,
  • lying down, perform scissors exercise spreading your legs to the maximum,
  • lying down on your backs, bend the legs pressing feet against floor and raise your hips in the air, stay in this position for 30 seconds with Several repetitions.

Quince not only for good health

The quince fruit is rich in vitamin C and mineral salts, which causes it to effectively combats the signs of the common cold or flu. It has a Soothing effect on the digestive system and boosts the immune system.

Richness of vitamins and minerals

Common quince (Cydonia oblonga) is a plant grown in orchards, gardens and backyards. The fruit ripen around autumn – from September to October. The fruit are big, yellow and resembling apples. Unfortunately, they cannot be eaten raw, as they are very sour, hard and grainy. Quince is usually consumed in the form of stewed fruit, juices, infusions, wine, jams, marmelade and preserves.

  • magnesium,
  • calcium,
  • iron,
  • potassium,
  • phosphorus,
  • vitamins from group B,
  • vitamin C, which boost the Natural immune system.

Interestingly, there is much more vitamin C in a quince than in most citrus fruit – (15mg in 100g), thanks to which it boosts the immune system. Quince’s flesh also contains pectins, which are a water-soluble fiber, remove toxins and heavy metals from the body, reduce the calorific value of meals and the absorbtion of sugars, as well as a great amount of Polyphenols which have a strong antioxidant and free radical fighting properties.

Quince’s applications

Quince is oftentimes used for making jams, jellies, preserves. It works very well in replacing lemon added to tea. Quince fruit are recommended with honey when you have a cold, experience a dry cough or flu. Besides helping in fighting infections, quince fruit help to lower the levels of sugar and cholesterol, and also in the process of Regenerating the liver. It is worth reaching for infusions made out of quince seeds or macerate (oil made out of plant extract).

It is recommended in the case of indigestion, heartburn and gastric reflux. Quince seeds can also be used by people who suffer with loss of apetite. Quince is also used in the cosmetics industry. The macerate is used in the case of winkles and hemoroids. The quince infusion can help with acne issues. The quince fruit can also be used as an air freshener, as they absorb odours really well.


Quince juice – how to make it quickly?

A simple and quick method to prepare quince juice e. g. for Putting in tea. Remove the core from the fruit and cut into thin slices. Then, alternately put the slices and a layer of sugar into a jar. The sugar will help in bringing out the quince juice, rich in vitamin C and Polyphenols, as well as in easing its bitter and sour taste. Shake the closed jar and keep it in the fridge.

Enzyme peeling – answer to four basic questions

Enzyme peeling is a way to cleanse the skin and get rid of dead skin cells. It does not contain Abrasive particles, making it extremely delicate. Find out the answer to the four basic and Most important questions about enzymatic peeling – what exactly is it, how it works on the skin, for who is it best for and finally how to use it.

What is enzyme peeling?

Enzyme peeling is a type of cosmetic treatment classified as chemical peels, characterized by a creamy consistency without Abrasive granules. It differs from mechanical peeling (so-called scrub), which is not suitable for all skin types due to the Abrasive. Enzymatic facial peeling is especially recommended for capillaries, acne, sensitive, dry and prone to irritation skin. The natural enzyme peeling offered in beauty salons can be prepared and made yourself at home or you can buy ready-made products in drugstores or pharmacies and enjoy the effects after just a few sessions.

How enzyme peeling works?

The enzyme peeling genlty Exfoliates dead skin due to the presence of so-called proteolytic enzymes. plant. These are e.g. bromelain obtained from pineapple or papaya originating from papaya. Enzymes found in this type of peels additionally stimulate cel regeneration and accelerate the formation of new skin cells. They penetrate to a depth of about 0.45 mm into the skin, cleansing its pores and removing and removing any impurities.

The enzyme peeling often comes in the form of masks that do not have Abrasive particles that can often irritate the face. Therefore, anyone can really use it. This type of peeling is left on the skin for several minutes, and then washed off after the allotted time.

Who is it recommended for?

Enzyme peels are basically suitable for the care of all skin types – dry as well as oily, mature or acne skin. But due to the fact that their use is not accompanied by rubbing the skin, its warming or deeper damage, it is especially recommended for people with active acne with purulent inflammatory lesions, capillaries or Sensitive skin.

enzyme peeling

How to use?

We apply the enzyme peeling to previously cleansed skin. Before making it, it is worth assessing the purification of the skin, because if the peeling contains cleaning substances – all you need to do is remove the makeup. In turn, the lack of cleaning substances will require thorough cleaning of the skin with the use of gel, foam or cleansing emulsion and its toring. Only on that prepared skin we apply the peeling.

We apply the enzyme peeling to slightly damp skin with dry hands. Then we do a massage (for this, the hands should be moistened with water), during which the peeling turns into a cream emulsion and can lightly pinch the skin. The massage should last 5 to 10 minutes, although for very Sensitive skin this time can be shortened to 2-3 minutes. We can leave the peeling on the skin just like a mask and moisten it when we feel it is drying.